Money Smarts Blog
How to save for college
Jun 16, 2020 || Melissa Brown, Marketing Lead
With a daughter heading into her final year of high school, college and how to pay for it has been a big topic of conversation in my household. Just looking at tuition rates gives me a headache. Experts estimate that the average college tuition cost for the 2019-2020 school year was $36,880 at private colleges, $10,440 for students attending a public college in their home state, and $26,820 for out-of-state residents at public universities. That’s a big price tag, and it’s likely to go up every year.
I won’t lie, I’ve put the thought of saving for my daughter’s education on the back burner for many years and now it’s coming back to bite me. If I can offer any advice, follow the Scout motto and be prepared. In other words, plan ahead. Creating a plan to pay for college ahead of time will save you time, money and a lot of stress. Check out these tips I’ve learned along the way.
Don’t sacrifice your retirement
If you plan on footing the bill for your child’s college education, don’t do it at the expense of your own retirement. I’ve been dreaming of traveling to all 50 states for a few years now. I don’t want my girls’ college to get in the way of that. There are more sources of college funding available for your kids than you’ll have for your nest egg.
If you start early enough, however, the tax benefits and flexibility of a Roth IRA can help you hit both goals. Your money will grow tax free, and you can avoid a penalty fee if you use the money for educational expenses. The maximum annual contribution limit is $6,000 ($7,000 is you’re 50 or older). If you and your spouse contribute the max over 18 years, you’ll have $216,000 in contributions alone. Assuming an 8% annual return, you’ll have almost $450,000—enough to fund a college education and still have a plan for retirement.
Sound like the right plan for you? Check out more benefits of an IRA.
Explore investment opportunities
The cost of college tuition goes up every year. So, in addition to starting to save early, it’s a good idea to look for the highest rate of return. According to CNN, an investment portfolio tilted toward stocks could be a great way to build savings long-term. You can adjust your investments and shelter your returns as your child gets closer to college age by switching more money into bonds and other low-risk investments.
If you’re not one to watch the stock markets (Between softball games and band practice, this was not top on my to do list), investing in mutual funds will put a professional in charge of your savings.
Read CNN Money’s “Best investments for college savings” to learn more about educational investments.
Start saving now
A modest savings is better than no savings at all. Putting away just $100 a month for 18 years will yield more than $20,000, and that’s without calculating the added interest. It may not seem like much, but that’s enough to pay for three semesters of in-state tuition.
If you want more of a return than a simple savings account can offer, education savings accounts (ESA) offer tax-free earnings. The two most popular options are the Coverdell Savings ESA and the 529 College Savings plan.
Coverdell accounts are similar to IRAs, with the exception that the funds must be used for qualifying educational expenses. The funds can be used for education at any level (elementary through college), but contributions can only be made to the account until the beneficiary turns 18. Like a Roth IRA, Coverdell accounts have income and contribution requirements.
529 College Savings Funds can be opened for anyone regardless of annual income or age, and there’s no contribution limit. The funds in a 529 can only be used for college expenses. This account functions similar to a mutual fund—contributions are invested into many companies and its gains/losses fluctuate with market conditions. 529 College Savings Funds are best when you have plenty of time to save.
If you’re unable to save the entire cost of four years of college, federal, state and private grants and loans can bridge the gap between your savings and the cost of school. Look into “free” money, like scholarships and grants, and “cheap” low-to-no interest Federal Direct loans before looking for other sources.
Saving for college is a big deal. Though it’s best to start early, it’s certainly never too late. Visit ihmvcu.org/calculator to see how you’ll need to save to reach your goals.